The main conclusions from this research are set out in a book published by BBVA Foundation. The results were developed over a period of five years by María Ángeles Durán, Professor in Sociology and Research Lecturer at the CSIC.
These conclusions reveal an important piece of information: in Spain 80% of citizens think that looking after a dependent person has an impact on the household’s economy, and very few, 1.7%, think that the government, the dependent person or the rest of the family will compensate them for that impact.
The obligation of taking personal responsibility for caring for ones parents is principally inked to gender, work situation, age or social and economic status. This sense of obligation is greater among women, older people and housewives.
Expectations regarding dependency
One of the questions in the ‘Encuesta sobre Tiempos de Cuidado del CSIC’ (CSIC Survey on Times of Caring) was who do you think would care for you if you became dependent. Ten percent answered that they were not sure what would happen. To the question would your family expect you to take over almost every task, 18.7% of males answered yes compared to 30% of females.
Looking after children
As for looking after children, households estimate a monthly cost of over 700 euros. Also, there is unpaid care by family members, especially grandparents –8% of over 65 year olds claim to look after children on a daily basis-. Both systems account for childcare of 34.9% under 3 years olds, devoting 22 hours a week to the task.
It is estimated that a child between 4 months and a year old requires more than 17 hours of care a day. Parents who work full time devote almost 7 hours to them on work days, and those who work part time almost 9.
In terms of preferences regarding childcare, the favorite option is shared parental care.
For more information, go to the book description at the Foundation’s website.